The sea is a significant source of wealth for each maritime country, which can in various ways contribute to its economic development and prosperity and citizens’ standard of living. This can be achieved by taking advantage of its living and non-living resources, fish farming and other marine resources, tourism, shipping and similar activities. Some of these activities are not compatible and can harm one another. Therefore, for the development of each country, its experts need to know how to exploit the sea and its living wealth in a sustainable way for the benefit of humans and marine ecosystems. This task can be achieved through systematic education, whose fundamental goal is understanding and explaining the physical, chemical and biological processes in the sea, predicting changes in its ecosystems in response to different influences, and controlled and sustainable exploitation of marine resources.
That is exactly what is achieved by studying Marine Biology and Ecology, where personnel is trained to work in the field of biological oceanography, which includes a wide range of biological studies, from the diversity of marine organisms to their spread, features, mutual relations and interactions with the marine environment. Due to increasing problem of disposing of large number of harmful and hazardous substances in the sea, and the irrational use of marine resources, by these studies a special attention is given to protection of endangered species and environmentally vulnerable areas. For understanding a number of biological processes in the sea, it is necessary to have a good understanding of the functioning of the entire marine ecosystem, which in return requires an extremely high degree of inter-disciplinarity, and that can be accomplished through these studies.
Marine Biology and Ecology studies, which are organized at the Department of Marine Studies of the University of Split, are performed as undergraduate and graduate studies.